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Research Paper | March 5, 2022

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Variation of Substrates and Steaming Time on Mushroom Production

Michael M. Uy, Aileen U. Soriano, Jocelyn D. Tuliao

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Int. J. Biosci.21(1), 48-55, July 2022

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.12692/ijb/20.2.1-20

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Abstract

One of the most important aspects of mushroom cultivation is substrate disinfection. Steaming is usually adopted to kill harmful microorganisms that cause contamination on the substrates. This study was designed to assess the most cost-effective steaming duration for the production of mushrooms. A factorial experiment was used and arranged in Completely Randomized Design (CRD). The study was laid out to test the following treatments, which were replicated four (4) times. For Factor A (Main plot) A1 – 4 hours, A2 – 6 hours, A3 – 8 hours and A4 – 10 hours. Factor B (Subplot) B1 – 100% sawdust, B2 – 100% rice straw, B3 – 75% rice straw + 25% sawdust, B4- 50% rice straw + 50% sawdust and B5 – 25% rice straw + 75% sawdust. The steam or sterilization method with a longer period was found to be more efficient or productive since it had higher yield and higher biological efficiency than the short duration of sterilization time. The use of rice straw can be used as an alternative to sawdust as substrates for mushroom production. The 75% rice straw could be combined with sawdust at 25% on white oyster mushroom production to save money, time, and effort. The use of rice straw could reduce the use of sawdust and increase the productivity of white oyster mushrooms.

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Variation of Substrates and Steaming Time on Mushroom Production

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