Welcome to International Network for Natural Sciences

Paper Details

Research Paper | March 5, 2022

VIEWS 1
| Download

The effect of dosage of mycorrhizal Glomus mosseae and some varieties on growth and yield of Chilli (Capsicum annum L.) on Entisol soil

Almuna Ramadhani, Syafruddin, Syamsuddin

Key Words:


Int. J. Agron. Agri. Res.13(3), 71-80, September 2018

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.12692/ijb/20.2.1-20

Certification: IJAAR 2018 [Generate Certificate]

Abstract

This study aims to determine the effect of Glomus mosseae mycorrhizae dose and varieties on growth and yield of chili (Capsicum annum. L) on Entisol soil. This research was conducted at the UNSYIAH Experimental Garden, Banda Aceh. The design used in this study is factorial randomized block design (RBD). The first factor in this study is the dose of mycorrhizal Glomus mosseae (D) consisting of 4 levels, namely: D0= without mycorrhiza, D1= mycorrhiza Glomus mosseae 5g plant-1, D2= mycorrhiza Glomus mosseae 10g plant-1, and D3= mycorrhiza Glomus mosseae 15g plant-1. The second factor is chili variety (V) consisting of 3 levels, namely: PM 999 varieties, Lado F1 varieties, varieties CTH-01. The variables observed were growth parameters, chili yield, total N-content and P-available on Entisol soil and the percentage of mycorrhizal infected roots. The results showed that mycorrhizal doses were able to increase the value of N-total and P-available on the soil and can improve plant growth and yield, the use of mycorrhizal doses of 15 g tan-1 generally results in better growth and yield of chilli compared to other doses, while based on the results of research CTH-01 varieties affect the growth and yield of chili plants. There is an interaction between mycorrhizal doses with chilli varieties on growth parameters and chili yield.

VIEWS 1

Copyright © 2021
By Authors and International Network for
Natural Sciences (INNSPUB)
http://innspub.net
This article is published under the terms of the Creative
Commons Attribution Liscense 4.0

The effect of dosage of mycorrhizal Glomus mosseae and some varieties on growth and yield of Chilli (Capsicum annum L.) on Entisol soil

Adisarwanto. 2000. Increase the production of peanuts in paddy fields and dry land. Penebar Swadaya, Jakarta.

Bolan NS. 2013. A critical review on the role of micorrhizal fungi in the uptake of phosphorus by plants. Plant and Soil 134, 189-207.

BPS and the Directorate General of Horticulture. 2015. Vegetable production in Indonesia. BPS. Aceh.

Brundrett M, Bougher N, Dell B, Grove T, Malajezuk N. 2013. Working with mycorrhizal in forestry and agriculture. ACIAR, Canberra.

Cruz AF, Ishii T, Kadoya K. 2014. Effect of arbuscular mycorrhizal fungi on tree growth, leaf water potential, and levels of 1 aminocyclopropane-1-carboxylic acid and ethylene in the roots of papaya under water-stress conditions. J. Mycorrhiza 10(3), 121-123.

Darmawijaya MI. 2001. Soil Classification. Basic Theory of Soil Researchers and Implementation of Agriculture in Indonesia. Gadjah Mada University Press, Yogyakarta.

Daryanto. 2010. Technical Efficiency Analysis of Large Red Chili Farming Production and Farmer Behavior in Facing Risks. Agro Economic Journal Vol. 28 No. 2 things 153-188.

Feng G, Song YC, Li XL, Christie P. 2003. Contribution of arbuscular mycorrizal fungi to utilization of organic sources of phosphorus by red clover in a calcareous soil. Appl soil ecol 22,139-148.

Gomez KA dan Gomez AA. 1995. Statistical Procedure for Agricultural Research. Translated by Endang Sasudin and Justika S. Baharshay. UI Press, Jakarta.

Halis Murni P, Fitria AB. 2012. Effect of Types and Dosages of Arbuscular Mycorrhizal Fungi on the Growth of Chili (Capsicum annum L.) in Untisol Soil. Jambi University, Jambi.

Hardjowigeno S, Widiatmaka. 2007. Asessment of the Effect of Long Term Tillage on the Arbuscular Mycorhiza Colonization of Vegetable Grop Crown in Andisol, Agrivita 33(1).

Harley JL, Smith MS. 2000. Mycorrhizal Symbiosis. Academic Press, Inc. New York.

Husein EF. 2014. The response of several types of plants to mycorrhiza arbuscular vesicles and phosphate fertilizers on ultisols. Pages 4-8 in the proceedings: Utilization of Mycorrhizal Fungi to Increase Crop Production in Marginal Lands. Indonesian Mycorrhiza Association – Jambi University, Jambi.

Kahindi JHP, Woomer P, George T, de Souza FMM, Karanja N, Giller KE. 2014. Agricultural intensification, soil biodiversity and agroecosystem function in the tropics: the role of nitrogen-fixing bacteria. Applied Soil Ecology 6, 55-76.

Kirana R dan E Sofiari. 2007. Heterosis and Heterobeltiosis in the Crossing of Five Chili Genotypes with the Diallel Method. Horticulture Journal 17(2), 11-17.

Lumini E, Bianciotto V, Jargeat P, Novero M, Salvioli A, Faccio A, Becard G, Bonfante P. 2013. Presymbiotic growth and spora morphology are affected in the arbuscular mycorrhizal fungus Gigaspora margarita cured of its endobacteria. Cell. Microbiol 9, 1716-1729.

Muchovej RM. 2004. Importance of mycorrhizae for agricultural crops. Gainesville, FL 32611. Institute of Food and Agricultural Sciences (IFAS), University of Florida.

Musfal. 2010. The Potential of Arbuscular Mycorrhizal Fungi to Increase Corn Crops, Institute for Agricultural Technology Assessment Medan North Sumatra.

Nawangsih AA, Imdad dan HP Wahyudi A. 2001. Cabai Hot Beauty. Swadaya Spreader, Jakarta P 8-15.

Novriani dan A Madjid. 2016. Mycorrhizal Roles and Prospects. Sriwijaya University Postgraduate Program, Palembang.

Nurmasyitah, Syafruddin dan Sayuthi. 2013. Effect of Soil Type & Arbuscular Mycorrhizal Fungi Dose on Soybean Plants on Soil Chemical Properties, Agrista Journal vol. 17, no. 3, hal. 103-110.

Prajnanta F. 2004. Vercoming the Problems of Planting Chili. Jakarta, Swadaya Spreader.

Safrianto Roki, Syafruddin, Sriwati Rina. 2015. Growth and Yield of Chili (Capsicum annum L.) on Andisol by Giving Various Sources of Organic Fertilizer. Floratek’s Journal 10(2), 34-43.

Setiadi Y. 2005. Know Mycorrhiza as Biological Fertilizer and Its Application Techniques. [bio-tech training organizer paper]. Bogor, the Inter-University Center of Bogor Agricultural University.

Sieverding E. 2001. Vesikuler Arbuscular Mycorrizha Management in Tropical Agrosystem. Deutche Gessellschaft fur Tecnosche Zusmmenourheit (GTZ) Gmbh, Federal Republic Germany.

Simarmata T, dan E Herdiani. 2004. Effect of FMA Inoculum and Cage Fertilizer on P available, P retention in soil and yield of red onion (Allium ascolanicum L.). Page 14-20 in proceedings: utilization of Mycorrhizal Fungi to Increase Crop Production in Marginal Lands. Indonesian Mycorrhizal Association, Jambi University.

Simatupang S. 2017. Nature and Characteristics of the Soil. Institut Pertanian Bogor, Bogor.

Stevenson FJ. 2004. Humus Chemistry. Genesis, Composition, Reaction. 2nd ed. John Wiley and Sons, New York.

Sumarni N dan Muharam A. 2005. Red Chili Plant Cultivation. Vegetable Crops Research Institute, Bandung.

Syafruddin, Langer I, Schweiger P, Puschenreiter M, Wanzel WW. 2010. Crude Oil Contamination and Arbuscular Michoryza Differentially effect on Phaseolus Vulgaris Root Morfology. International Symposium Land use After Tsunami. Aceh, Indonesia.

Tarigan S, dan W. Wiryanta. 2003 Bertanam Cabai Hibrida Secara Intensif. Agromedia Pustaka. Jakarta page: 16 – 17, 33, 90 – 92.

Young A. 2013. Tropical Soil and Survey. Cambridge University Press, London.

Zulaikha S. 2006. Phosphate uptake and response of tomato plants to mycorrhizae and phosphate fertilizer to ultisol soil. Jbioshenia. Vsp 3(2), 83-92.

SUBMIT MANUSCRIPT

Style Switcher

Select Layout
Chose Color
Chose Pattren
Chose Background