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Phytoremediation of wastewater by Phragmites australis and Typha angustifolia in the suburban area of annaba (algeria)

Meriem Kleche, A Dahdouh, Rachid Rouag, Nadia Ziane, Kamel Boucherit, Houria Djebar

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J. Bio. Env. Sci.12(5), 129-139, May 2018

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.12692/ijb/20.2.1-20

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Phytoremediation is an environmental rehabilitation technique that uses the ability of plants to remove, contain, or make pollutants less toxic. A phytoremediation study was carried out at Seybouse River (Annaba) Nord-eastern of Algeria. The study focused on assessment of organic pollutants accumulation in certain aquatic macrophytes used as biomonitors in comparison with the station of treatment. The biological treatment of wastewater collected before the entrance to the station of treatment was compared with the purified water by the resort itself. For these test two varieties of marsh plants reeds “Phragmites australis” and lesser bulrush “Typha angustifolia” was conducted to verify their effectiveness in the treatment of water heavily loaded with pollutant. Results showed that water quality was comparatively better after phytoremediation. The physicochemical analysis after purification with both macrophytes showed a significant reduction of suspended matter (- 75.54 % with reeds and – 71.55% with lesser bulrush), Chemical Oxygen Demand COD (- 65.72% with reeds and 52.55 % with lesser bulrush), Biochemical Oxygen Demand BOD5 (- 95.14 % with reeds and – 65.63 % with lesser bulrush) and nitrates (- 84.32 % with reeds and – 70.73% with lesser bulrush) and nitrites (- 45.61 % with reeds and -14.03 % with lesser bulrush). Our results confirmed the involvement of enzymes of metabolism in the roots, with the increase in total protein levels and proline reflecting intense root metabolism in a polluted environment.


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Phytoremediation of wastewater by Phragmites australis and Typha angustifolia in the suburban area of annaba (algeria)

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