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Phytochemicals, anti-oxidant potential and total phenolics of Eleusine indica leaf extracts

Mary Jhane G. Valentino, Rich Milton R. Dulay, Joanna May G. Lindain

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Int. J. Biosci.13(5), 317-321, November 2018

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.12692/ijb/20.2.1-20

Certification: IJB 2018 [Generate Certificate]


Phytochemical screening, total phenolics and antioxidant analyses of E. indica were done. The bioactive components of E. indica extracts were determined through TLC method, 1,1-diphenyl-2-picrylhydrazyl (DPPH) free radical scavenging assay was used for the antioxidant activity and  Folin – Ciocalteu method  was done in determining its total phenolics. Results revealed the presence of phenols, anthrones and coumarins in E. indica hot water extract and eleven phytochemicals were detected in E. indica ethanolic extracts (essential oils, triterpenes, steroids, phenols, fatty acids, anthraquinones, anthrones, tannins, flavonoids, alkaloids, and coumarins). Also, anti-oxidant activity of both ethanol and water extracts were elucidated with 69.62% and 65.34% RSA, respectively and total phenolics of 256.29 µg/g GAE(E. indica hot water) and 249.42 µg/g GAE (ethanol extract) were recorded.


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