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New sources of cowpea genotype resistance to cowpea bruchid Callosobruchus maculatus (F.) in Uganda

Weldekidan Belay Miesho, Hailay Mehari Gebremedhin, Ulemu Mercy Msiska, Khalid Elsiddig Mohammed, Geoffrey Maxwell Malinga, Kassim Sadik, Thomas Lapaka Odong, Patrick Rubaihayo, Samuel Kyamanywa

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Int. J. Agron. Agri. Res.12(4), 39-52, April 2018

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.12692/ijb/20.2.1-20

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Cowpea bruchid Callosobruchus maculatus (F.) is a major constraint to cowpea production throughout sub-saharan Africa. The identification of sources of  C. maculatus resistance and their incorporation into breeding programs would be a beneficial strategy to combat the devastation caused by the bruchid in stored cowpea. We evaluated 145 cowpea genotypes from Uganda and introductions from Kenya and Nigeria for resistance to bruchids. The mean number of eggs and number of holes, percentage pest tolerance, percentage weight loss, bruchid developmental period, bruchid growth and Dobie susceptibility index were significantly different among the 145 genotypes. Based on Dobie susceptibility index value, there were 18 resistant, 114  moderately resistant and 13 susceptible genotypes. Dobie’s susceptibility index correlated negatively with insect development period and percentage pest tolerance, and positively with number of eggs, growth index, number of holes and weight loss. The study identified new sources of cowpea from the studied genotypes that could be used by cowpea breeders to develop cultivars with relatively high resistance to cowpea bruchid. However, further investigations and identifcation of biochemicals that are responsible for cowpea seed resistance to bruchid are recommended.


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New sources of cowpea genotype resistance to cowpea bruchid Callosobruchus maculatus (F.) in Uganda

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