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Estimating phenotypic diversity in diverse Fenugreek (Trigonella foenum-graceum L.) population through morphometric analysis

Abdul Qadir, Niaz Ali, Sohail Ahmad Jan, Malik Ashiq Rabbani, Aaqib Shaheen, Hameed Shabab Alam, Naseeb Ullah, Aamir Numan, Mohib Abdullah, Haris Khurshid

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Int. J. Biosci.11(1), 274-283, July 2017

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.12692/ijb/20.2.1-20

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In order to estimate genetic variation in 167 genotypes of Fenugreek by morphological markers, an experiment was performed during 2014-2015 cropping years. The present study is useful to screened the elite genotypes among large Fenugreek population. Augmented field design with inter-row distance of 45cm and intra-row distance of 1m was kept.  Range, mean, SD and CV results indicated significant diversity among the 13 important agronomic quantitative characters particularly the plant height, days to flower initiation and days to flower completion. The variances for the above characters were 175.7, 91.7, 77.7 and 24.4 respectively. The elite lines like PI543083, Trig 65, PI628790, 2736, 2720, Trig 94, Trig-42, A71000060, Methray, Methi etc. showed better agro-morphological performances as compared to other genotypes. The accessions PI-613629, PI-338679, PI-286532, PI243230 and PI-164141 gave maximum seed yield/plant and these genotypes are useful for improvement of this important plant species. Cluster analysis based on morphological traits divided all these studied accessions into four major groups. Direct relationship between yield and morphological parameters was recorded in Fenugreek germplasm. The current study may be helpful in the identification and development elite lines which can be utilized in breeding programmes for improvement of Fenugreek varieties with superior yield potential and broader genetic base.


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Estimating phenotypic diversity in diverse Fenugreek (Trigonella foenum-graceum L.) population through morphometric analysis

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