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Distribution of snail fauna and its relationship with some physicochemical parameters in aquatic ecosystems of Irhambi-Katana and Bugorhe sub-county (Southern Kivu Province, DR Congo)

M. Bagalwa, C. Batumike, K. Ndegeyi, S. Bashwira, B. Baluku

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J. Bio. Env. Sci.20(3), 9-20, March 2022

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.12692/ijb/20.2.1-20

Certification: JBES 2022 [Generate Certificate]

Abstract

A study was carried in order to determine the distribution and physicochemical preferences characteristics of three species of aquatic snails (Biomphalaria pfeifferi, Lymnaea natalensis and Physa acuta). Samples of snails and water were collected monthly during 2015 to 2017 at 54 sites locateted in Irhambi/Katana and Bugorhe sub-counties, DR Congo. Analysis of the data revealed that the some physicochemical of water in different sites effect on the distribution of the freshwater snails Biomphalaria pfeifferi, Lymnaea natalensis and Physa acuta. The coefficients of correlation (r) between snail populations and physicochemical parameters are significant correlated with pH, TP and current velocity. A Canonical Correspondence Analysis (CCA) reveals associations between the distribution patterns of freshwater snail species Biomphalaria pfeifferi, Lymnaea natalensis and Physa acuta and the concentration of TP and pH. The levels and the type of variables differ from species to species. Species characteristic can help increase our understanding of aquatic mollusc and their importance in ecological and biological studies. Further detailed studies on each of these individual parameters are needed.

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Distribution of snail fauna and its relationship with some physicochemical parameters in aquatic ecosystems of Irhambi-Katana and Bugorhe sub-county (Southern Kivu Province, DR Congo)

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