Welcome to International Network for Natural Sciences

Paper Details

Research Paper | March 5, 2022

| Download

Disease management of bacterial blight of cotton through upland cotton (Gossypiumhirsutum) Germplasm andchemotherapuents under field conditions

Muhammad Ehetisham-ul-Haq, Muhammad Kamran, Muhammad Idrees, Jehanzeb Farooq, Shaukat Ali, Muhammad Iqbal, Huma Abbas, Abdul Rashid, Muhammad Atiq, Saleem Il Yasin

Key Words:

Int. J. Biosci.12(2), 1-7, February 2018

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.12692/ijb/20.2.1-20

Certification: IJB 2018 [Generate Certificate]


Bacterial blight is becoming a devastating cotton disease due to the climate change in sub-continent regions. To grow resistant germplasm is an economical and effective tool to manage the disease. Thirty-one cotton varieties/lines were screened against bacterial blight of cotton disease under field conditions. Five varieties/lines viz. FH-142, FH-326, FH-Kehkishan, FH-468 and FH-152, exhibited resistant response against the disease.FH-344, FH-478, CIM-343,CIM-602, CIM-506, CIM-717 and MNH-992 were moderately resistant against the pathogen’s virulence. Ten varieties/lines (FH-466, FH-342, FH-312, FH-412, FH-498, FH-494, FH-458, Lalazar, CIM-616 and CIM-632) responded moderately susceptible response against bacterial blight disease. FH-490, FH-444, FH-Noor, FH-315 and FH-242 were susceptible against the disease. FH-91, VH-363, CIM-573 and CIM-620 were found highly susceptible to the disease. Four different chemicals {(Flare-72 SP (Streptomycin Sulphate), Thrill-20 % WP (Bismerthiazole), Kasumin 4% WP (Kasugamycin) and Copper Oxychloride 50WP (Copper Oxychloride) were evaluated against bacterial blight of cotton disease at 1g/L, 2.5 g/L, 4.8ml/L and 3g/L respectively. Flare-72 SP (Streptomycin Sulphate) was found the most effective against the disease as compared to the other chemicals.


Copyright © 2018
International Network for Natural Sciences and Authors

Disease management of bacterial blight of cotton through upland cotton (Gossypiumhirsutum) Germplasm andchemotherapuents under field conditions

Agrios G. 2005. Plant Pathology. 5th Eds. New York: Academic Press.

Barak E, Dinoor A, Jacoby B. 1983. Adsorption of systemic fungicides and a herbicide by some components of plant tissues, in relation to some physicochemical properties of the pesticides. Pest Management Science 14,  213-219. https://doi.org/10.1002/ps.2780140302

Bhutta AR, Bhatti MAR. 1983. Incidence of bacterial blight of cotton and reaction of different cultivars to Xanthomonas campestris pv. malvacearum. The Pakistan Cotton, 27,  75-78.

Biffen RH. 1905. Mendel’s laws of inheritance and wheat breeding. Journal of Agricultural Research, 1,  4-48. http://dx.doi.org/10.1017/S0021859600000137

Brinkerhoff L. 1977. Bacterial blight of cotton. FAO consultant Report Pak/73/026. Submitted to FAO (UNO), Rome.

Crathorne B, Ress YJ, France S. 2001. Chemical pollution of the aquatic environment by priority pollutants and its control, pp. 1-31. In R. M. Harrison (Ed.), Pollution: Causes, Effects and Control (4). The Royal Society of Chemistry. http://dx.doi.org/10.1039/9781847551719-00001

Fryxell PA, Service USAR, A T, University M, Station TAE. 1976. A nomenclator of Gossypium: the botanical names of cotton,  Agricultural Research Service, U.S. Dept. of Agriculture.

Gent DH, Schwartz HF, Nissen SJ. 2003. Effect of commercial adjuvants on vegetable crop fungicide coverage, absorption, and efficacy. Plant disease 87,  591-597. https://doi.org/10.1094/PDIS.2003.87.5.591

Govindaraj M, Vetriventhan M, Srinivasan M. 2015. Importance of genetic diversity assessment in crop plants and its recent advances: An overview of its analytical perspectives. Genetics Research International, 2015,  1-15. http://dx.doi.org/10.1155/2015/431487

Innes N. 1983. Bacterial blight of cotton. Biological Reviews, 58,  157-176. http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/j.1469185X.1983.tb00383.x

McGee DC. 1995. Epidemiological approach to disease management through seed technology. Annual review of phytopathology 33,  445-466. https://doi.org/10.1146/annurev.py.33.090195.002305

Meyer LA. Year. Published. The World and US Cotton Outlook for 2016/17. In, Agricultural Outlook Forum-2016, 2016. United States Department of Agriculture.

Meynard JM, Doré T, Lucas P. 2003. Agronomic approach: cropping systems and plant diseases. Comptes Rendus Biologies, 326,  37-46. https://doi.org/10.1016/S1631-0691(03)00006-4

Munnecke DE. 1972. Factors affecting the efficacy of fungicides in soil. Annual review of Phytopathology 10,  375-398. https://doi.org/10.1146/annurev.py.10.090172.002111

Pathak A, Godika S. 2006. Management of bacterial blight of cotton Xanthomonas axonopodis pv. malvacearum through chemicals. Journal of Mycology and Plant Pathology 36,  35.

Ryckaert B, Spanoghe P, Haesaert G, Heremans B, Isebaert S, Steurbaut W. 2007. Quantitative determination of the influence of adjuvants on foliar fungicide residues. Crop Protection, 26,  1589-1594. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.cropro.2007.02.011

Sajid M, Rashid A, Bashir MR, Zeeshan MA, Abid M, Parveen R, Chohan S, Jamil H. 2017. Evaluation of available genetic resource against bacterial Blight of cotton in Pakistan. Pakistan Journal of Phytopathology, 29,  63-68.

SAS. 2011-2012. SAS 9.3 Help and Documentation computer program, version By SAS, Cary, NC.

Sigler W, Taylor C, Throssell C, Bischoff M, Turco R. 2000. Environmental fates of fungicides in the turfgrass environment: A mini review. ACS  Publications. https://doi.org/10.1021/bk-2000-0743.ch008

Singh R. 2008. Plant diseases,  9 ed. Oxford and IBH publisher co. Pvt. Ltd, New Delhi.

Steel R, Torrie J, Dickey T. 1997. Principles and practice of statistics: A biomedical approach. New York: McGraw Hill.

Steurbaut W. 1993. Adjuvants for use with foliar fungicides. Pest Management Science 38,  85-91. https://doi.org/10.1002/ps.2780380204

SUPARCO. 2012. Crop Situation. Pakistan Satellite Based Crop Monitoring System Bulletin, 2,  1-23.

Survey E. 2016-2017. Agriculture statistics, Govt. of Pakistan, Ministry of food, agriculture and cooperatives. Food and Agriculture Division (Ec. Wing) Islamabad, 17-18.

Vanderplank JE. 1984. Disease resistance in plants,  Academic Press.

Waxman MF. 1998. The agrochemical and pesticides safety handbook,  CRC Press.

Wilson K. 2014. Microsoft Office 2013,  Springer.


Style Switcher

Select Layout
Chose Color
Chose Pattren
Chose Background