Welcome to International Network for Natural Sciences

Paper Details

Research Paper | March 5, 2022

| Download

Comparison of yield and yield related traits of spring wheat varieties to various seed rates

Muhammad Aslam, Abdul Ghaffar Sagoo, Ejaz Ahmad Khan, Abdul Ghaffar, Niaz Hussain, Muhammad Irshad, Mudassar Khaliq, Muneer Abbas

Key Words:

Int. J. Biosci.12(5), 50-62, May 2018

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.12692/ijb/20.2.1-20

Certification: IJB 2018 [Generate Certificate]


A study was conducted to define the relationship between plant density and wheat grain yield to establish optimum seeding rates of different varieties for various regions.Five wheat varieties (Lasani-2008, Faisalabad-2008, BARS-2009, Millat-2011and Punjab-2011) were sown at five seed rates (60, 80, 100, 120 and 140 kg ha-1) in split plot design replicated four times. Data of various attributes were recorded which revealed that maximum tillers m-2 (380.35), leaf area index (5.14), grains spike-1 (72.9), 1000-grain weight (46.19 g), biological yield (10299kg ha-1), grain yield (4222.7 kg ha-1), net income (Rs. 70017), benefit cost ratio-BCR (1.80) and minimum rate of return-MRR % (180.4) were observed for the treatment Punjab-2011. The seeding rate of 120 kg ha-1 gave maximum tillers m-2(372.25), grains spike-1(69.75), leaf area index (5.06), 1000-grain weight (46.25 g), biological yield (10604 kg ha-1), grain yield (4423 kg ha-1), , net income (Rs. 76542), BCR (1.88%) and MRR % (187.93). The interactive effect ofPunjab-2011 sown at seed rate of 120 kg ha-1 exhibited maximum tillers m-2(423.30), leaf area index (5.82), grains spike-1 (77.05), 1000-grain weight (48.28 g), biological yield (11554 kg ha-1), grain yield (4876.5 kg ha-1), net income (Rs. 92217), BCR (2.06) and MRR % (205.93) suggesting that Punjab-2011 is the best variety and optimum seed rate of 120 kg ha-1 in arid agro climate of thal zone.


Copyright © 2021
By Authors and International Network for
Natural Sciences (INNSPUB)
This article is published under the terms of the Creative
Commons Attribution Liscense 4.0

Comparison of yield and yield related traits of spring wheat varieties to various seed rates

NARC. 2008. Results of National Uniform Wheat Yield Trials, 2006-07, Wheat, Barley and Triticale Programme, National Agricultural Research Center, Islamabad, Pakistan.

Akita K, Tanaka N. 1992.Effects of Planting Density and Planting Patterns of Young Seedlings Transplanting on the Growth and Yield of Rice Plants. Japan Journal of Crop Science. 61(1), 80–86. https://doi.org/10.1626/jcs.61.80

Aziz STK haliq Ali A, Noorka IR. 2017. Moisture stress and seeding densities effect on phenology, growth and net assimilation rate of wheat (Triticum aestivum L).Journal of Agricultural Research. 55(1), 41-53.

Azra Y, Shah SH.2000. Quantitative and qualitative response of three wheat varieties to nitrogen applications. Pakistan Journal of Biological Sciences 3(10), 1545-1546.

Chatha MR, Mukhtar A, gill MA.1986. Yield of wheat cultivars asaffected by diffèrentseed rates underirrigated conditions. Pakistan Journal of Agricultural Research. 7(4),241-24.

Cook RJ, Veseth RJ. 1992. World health management. St Paul, MN, USA, APS, Press.

Dornbusch TR, BaccarJ, Watt J, Hillier J. Bertheloot C, Fournier. 2011. Plasticity of winter wheat modulated by sowing date, plant population density and nitrogen fertilization: dimensions and size of leafblades, sheaths and internodes in relation to their position on a stem. Field Crops Research. 121(1),  116–124. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.fcr.2010.12.0.04

FAO I, WFP. The state of food insecurity in the world: meeting the 2015 international hunger targets: taking stock of uneven progress. FAO Rome; 2015.

Grassini P, Thorburn J, Burr C, Cassman KG. 2011. High-yield irrigated maize in the Western US Corn Belt: I. On-farm yield, yield potential, and impact of agronomic practices. Field Crops Research120(1),142–150. http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.fcr.2010.09.012

Hameed E, Wajid SA, Shad AA, Jehan Bakht, Tilah Muhammad. 2003. Effect of different planting dates, seed rates and nitrogen levels on wheat. Asian Journal of Plant Sciences. 2(6), 464-474. http://dx.doi.org/10.3923/ajps.2003.467.474

Hiltbrunner J, StreitB, Liedgens M. 2007. Are seeding densities an opportunity to increase grain yield of winter wheat in a living mulch of white clover? Field Crops Research 102(3), 163–171. http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.fcr.2007.03.009

HuiJuan QL, Jin Cai S, Xue Shan W, Feng Zhen Cheng Yu W, Sheng Jun Z. 2009 Effects of plant density and seeding date on accumulation and translocation of dry matter and nitrogen in winter wheat cultivar Lankao Aizao 8. Acta Agron Sin. 35(1), 124–131. http://dx.doi.org/10.3724/SP.J.1006.2009.00124

Hunt R.1978.Plant growth analysis. Edward Amold, U.K.26-38. http://dx.doi:10.12691/aees-4-3-1.

Ibrar K. 1999. Effect of seed rates and nitrogen levels on wheat. M. Sc thesis, Department Agronomy NWFP AgricultureUniversity of Peshawar, Pakistan.

Ijaz AK, Bakht J, Wajid SA, Khan NM, UllahI. 2002. Effect of seed rate on the yield and yield components of wheat under irrigated conditions of Peshawar. Asian Journal of Plant Science 1, 513-515.http://dx.doi.org/10.3923/ajps.2002.513.515.

Iqbal N, Akbar N, Ali M, Sattar M, Ali L. 2010. Effect of seed rate and row spacing on yield components of wheat (Triticum aestivum L). Journal of Agricultural Research. 48(2), 151-156.

Kamal AMA, Islam MR, BLD, Chowdhury MA, Maleque Talukder. 2003. Yield performance and grain quality of wheat varieties grown under rainfed and irrigated conditions. Asian Journal of Plant Sciences. 2(3),358-360. http://dx.doi.org/10.3923/ajps.2003.358.360.

Khan MA, Zulkiffal M, Imran M, Aziz-ur-Rehman. 2004. Evaluation of planting time and seeding rate in wheat (T. aestivum L.).Journal of Agricultural Research. 42(2), 163-169.

Khokar MA, Shaikh MS, Siddique M,Nazar MS. 1985. Effect of different seeding densities and nitrogen levels on the yield of 100 wheat genotypes.Pakistan Journal of Agricultural Research. 6(3), 150-152. http://dx.doi.org/10.3923/ajps.2003.467.474

Li YZ, Cui YNI, Zheng M, Yang D, Jin M. 2016.Plant Density Effect on Grain Number and Weight of Two Winter Wheat Cultivars at Different Spikelet and Grain Positions. PLoS ONE 11(5), e0155351. http://dx.doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0155351

Mansab AK, Sheikh MS, Siddique M. 1985.Effect of different seeding densities and nitrogen levels on the yield of two wheat genotypes. Pakistan Journal of Agricultural Research6(3), 150-152.

Marwat AQ, Khalil SK, Latif Wazir A, Iqbal M. 1989.Effect of land preparation and seeding rates on plant height and straw yield on wheat. Sarhad Journal of Agriculture 5(3), 273-278. http://agris.fao.org/agrissearch/search.do?recordID=PK8901140

Mujahid ZH. 1972. Effect of row spacing and seed rates on the growth and yield of  wheat variety Chenab-70. M. Sc. Agric. Thesis. Agriculture University Faisalabad.

NajmaK. 2004. Prelimanry wheat varietal trail under moisture stress condition. B. Sc Review Paper. Department of Agronomy NWFP Agriculture University Peshawar Pakistan.

Nazir SM, Zafar I, Ghazanfar A, Akhtar M. 1982. Response of wheat to soilmoisture stress at early growth stage on high water table soil of Faisalabad. Journal of Agricultural Research 83-86. An: 593 PC-0003.

Shah WA, Hayat Z, Ikram Ullah Anwar S, Iqbal B.2016. Response of different wheat varieties to various seed rates. Pure and Applied Biology. 5(3),529-537. http://dx.doi.org/10.19045/bspab.2016.50067

Singh J, Kaur S, Majithia H. 2015. Emerging genetic technologies for improving the security of food crops. Emerging technologies for promoting food security: Over coming the world food crisis. 2015, 23–41. https://doi.org/10.1016/B978-1-78242-335-5.00002-0

Steel RGD, Torrie JH, Dicky D. 1997. Principles and Procedures of Statistics. A Biometrical Approach. 3r ded. Mc Graw Hill Book Co. Inc. New York.

Takeda T, Hirota O.1971. Relationship between Spacing and Grain Yield of Rice Plant. Japan Journal of Crop Sciences 40, 381–385. https://doi.org/10.1626/jcs.40.381

Watson DJ.1947.Comparative physiological studies on growth of field crops.1.Variation in net Assimilation rate and leaf area between species and cultivars and within and between years. Annals of Botany 11, 41-76.

Yoshida S, Navasera SA, Ramirez EA. 1969. Effect of silica and nitrogen supply on some leaf characters of the rice plant. Plant and soil 31,48-56. https://doi.org/10.1007/BF01373025

Yoshida S. 1981. Fundamentals of rice crop science: International Rice Research Institute 1981.


Style Switcher

Select Layout
Chose Color
Chose Pattren
Chose Background